With the transition to 5G technology, smart devices (mobile phones, tablet PCs, laptops, etc.) will have IOT qualification and devices to gain new qualifications (refrigerator, oven, central heating, vehicles, security systems, etc.). Therefore, a new age of technology will begin.
As of 2025, the total number of connections worldwide is estimated to exceed 100 billion. Therefore, communication between people and objects will increase more. In this context, the service needs of the 5G Network will be more diversified. The Third Generation Network (3G) Partnership Project (3GPP) came together with seven telecommunications standards development organizations (ARIB, ATIS, CCSA, ETSI, TSDSI, TTA, TTC) as “organizational partners” to members (mostly Telecom Operators and Equipment manufacturers) 3GPP technologies. They have defined.
Three basic usage scenarios (UseCase) have been determined by 3GPP.
- Advanced Mobile Wide network (eMBB, 10Gbit / s);
- Ultra-reliable and low-latency communication (uRRLC, 1ms);
- Very large (massive) machine-type communication (mMTC, 1 million / km2).
Based on the requirements and qualifications defined by 3GPP, 5G technology details have been clarified. On April 17, 2019, the Swiss Telecom company became the first company to commercially open the 5G network in Europe. Afterwards, 5G infrastructures in various Telecom companies were put into tests by technology development companies in Europe, USA and Asian countries. These developments are in line with Turkish telecommunication companies are able to pass simultaneously with the 5G technology developed countries.
5G technology to be developed in Turkey Communication Technology Cluster (ATC) from a consortium of domestic companies established “Indigenous National 5G Network” Preparation of the product for the purpose of Information and Communication Technologies Authority (ICTA) has taken action with supervision in 2018 January. The time interval estimated by the authorities for international spectrum and licensing has been estimated as 2023-2025, and it will be possible to allow the maturation process of our domestic and national products until this time.
Pavotek is the only technology company within the HTK consortium that takes responsibility for switching and routing device design-production, and matures its designs including radio link devices in the infrastructure of the technology. The subtitles of the Domestic and National 5G Communication Network Project, which continues with the cooperation of 16 Cluster member companies and 3 Operators supported by TUBITAK, are listed below:
Project that will complete in 2020, will give Turkey the opportunity to market their products 5G 32 simultaneously with technology manufacturers in the world for the first time.
The number of HTK member firms is over 122, while the number of member firms is over 7000. Communication infrastructure will change with 5G in our country and in the world, and we can summarize the possible problems and possible solutions as follows:
Although 5G sites are expected to double the power consumption, it is assumed that the energy consumption for cooling will increase in parallel. It is believed that the heat output capabilities (air conditioning systems) of some installations will not meet the requirement for 5G. The renovation of air conditioning systems in organizations is a relatively long and difficult process.
EQUIPMENT ROOM AND CABINET FLOOR PROBLEMS
As of today, the expansion possibilities of the operators in the Cabinets are limited, therefore it is another challenge for 5G equipment to find the necessary space in the cabinets. Adding new cabinets will require more space in system rooms, which is a limited resource.
NETWORKING AND AUTOMATION
Future networks (5G, 6G, etc.) will support a greater number of advanced and diverse services and require unprecedented levels of operating speed, efficiency and automation.
Although most of these requirements are not specific to microwave transmission (RF, xRAN), they need to be supported in every network layer and segment, otherwise they can never be installed and run from start to finish (E2E).
• Network Slicing
This is the ability to support multiple virtual networks that have very different requirements on a common physical infrastructure.
• Network Automation (SDN)
Only a truly programmable network (SDN) can adapt and support new services (both new examples of known services and new types of services unknown today) at the required speeds. Software-defined networking (SDN) is designed to make networks more flexible and agile. SDN was originally defined / designed as an approach to design, build and manage networks that separate the control and routing planes of the network, making network control directly programmable and isolating the underlying infrastructure for applications and network services. SDN redefines network architecture to support the needs of the upcoming 5G ecosystem – 5G SDN will play an important role in the design of 5G wireless networks. In particular, 5G SDN will enable intelligent architecture and multiple network hierarchies to be created for network programmability.
• High Precision Synchronization (PTP)
The efficiency of the air interface depends critically on a higher frequency and time / phase network. As a result of Pavotek’s needs, the new telco level switching / router product family designed specifically for the 5G network performs PTP (Precision Time Protocol) operation on all ports, and the physical time stamping sensitivity that is valid for previous products is from 10-3 (millisecond) to 10-6 (microseconds) – 10-9 (picoseconds) is trying to make improvements in its products.
INVESTMENT AREAS AND COSTS – BENEFIT
Mobile Network Infrastructure investments are estimated to be 18 billion USD between 1994- 2019. Considering that in these recalls, 20% is weighted for the 2-2.5G voice network, it is estimated that 14.4 billion USD is a mobile data network investment.
5G will evolve with the aim of replacing the previous 4.5G LTE and 3G data networks, and over time, turning them off to avoid maintenance costs. Native as a potential solution> 15mily will provide more than a figure of USD and other major domestic telecom equipment bigger and more competitive economic power from the generating companies will provide the Republic of Turkey and its citizens.
Our devices specific to 5G infrastructure;
Production will be completed in 2021 in order to collect the traffic of Radyolink, Base Stations and Cell Site locations of the 5G project carried out within the scope of HTK.
2 Line Cards (T2400 LC) per chassis.
Line Card Features;
Production will be completed in 2021 in order to collect the traffic of Radiolink and Base Stations and Cell Site locations of the 5G project under the HTK.
6 Line Cards (T2400 LC) per chassis
Line Card Features;
The production of our product, which continues its R&D studies in the 5G project carried out within the scope of HTK, will be completed in 2021.
Production will be completed in 2020 in order to collect the traffic of Radiolink and Base Stations of the 5G project carried out within the scope of HTK.
Production of the radiolink device called HTK TR713 continues as a card that performs the switching / routing functions.
Pavotek is the leader among the few companies capable of designing and producing network equipment with domestic facilities in Turkey.